Ancient and Original Tree and Shrub Origin Listing

 

We now have a source listing showing the areas where the seeds were collected. It is far more detailed than just growth zones; we state the county to pinpoint seedling origins. Also stock grown from Ancient or Old Growth seed will be designated by (A). There is no price difference between non ancient and ancient stock seedlings. We are simply offering more choices for conservation authorities, parks and preserves.

 

ANCIENT ORIGINS

Old age in a tree is a testament to adaptation.  These are the trees we want to tap for their genetic information.  These trees have definitely been lucky to avoid the bite of the ax when Ontario was clear cut by mid 1800’s.  But their longevity is a story of constantly changing and adapting to climate change, air pollution, soil pollution and degradation.  We need to bring their genetics forward to create resilient forests.

‘ In Nature, nothing is perfect and everything is perfect.

Trees are contorted, bent in weird ways, and they’re still beautiful. 

Alice Walker

 

AMERICAN BEECH

 

THE CRIEFF AMERICAN BEECH (A)

In 1833, this beech tree was part of a 100 acre farm in Crieff.  By 1930, this property was purchased by Colonel J.B. McLean of the present day McLean publications.  At his death, the property was transferred to the Presbyterian Church of Canada.

 

DISEASE RESISTANT AMERICAN (WHITE) ELM

 

THE UNIVERSITY AMERICAN ELM (A)

This magnificent elm, well over 100 years old, is located in Guelph.

THE GUELPH AMERICAN ELM (A)

Another great, over 100 year old, elm in Guelph.

 

SLIPPERY ELM

 

THE GUELPH SLIPPERY ELM (A)

A fine, old slippery elm residing in Guelph.

 

PIGNUT HICKORY

 

NIAGARA PIGNUT HICKORY (A)

 

 

 

BLACK MAPLE

 

THE HAMILTON BLACK MAPLE (A)

Size – 8 ft. circumference

This black maple marks the grave site for Richard Beasley, United Empire Loyalist who died in 1842.  He was considered the first settler at , ‘ The Head of the Lake’, (Hamilton).  He was a founder of this region and owned the Burlington Heights lands,  where now Dundurn Castle is.

 

 

SILVER MAPLE

 

THE CRIEFF SILVER MAPLE (A)

 

This tree is also on the historic McLean site in Crieff.  Its massive form shades a historic stone, bank barn.

 

 

 

 

BLACK OAKS

 

THE NIAGARA  BLACK OAKS (A)

 

These Black Oaks reside in the ‘necklace of oaks’ alongside the Niagara river. This string of oaks are the last remnants of the old growth forest that covered this region. During the war of 1812, most of this old growth was axed for firewood and buildings.

 

THE GRIMSBY BLACK OAK (A)

 

This very small grove is the last remaining fragment of old growth for the Grimsby beach area. It is under intense development pressure. Some true gems still stand, such as the Black Oak.

 

LASALLE BLACK OAK (A)

 

SIZE – 127 cm diameter

This Burlington tree resides in the park where French explorer LaSalle, in 1669, landed while trying to reach the Ohio River to find a route to China.

 

 

 

 

 

BUR OAKS

 

THE DUNDAS BUR OAK (A)

 

This Bur Oak graces one of Canada’s earliest horse race courses. In the mid 1860’s, the oval race course was built with the oak shading the interior oval. By 1886, this horse race coarse was converted to a municipal driving park.

 

 

 

 

THE ROCKTON BUR OAK (A)

 

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This tree shades the Village area of Westfield heritage village.  In 1960, this pioneer village was created to depict 19th century rural life in Upper Canada.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHINQUAPIN OAK

 

THE DUNDAS CHINQUAPIN OAK (A)

Age approximately 200 years old

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The property where this chinquapin oak resides, was an operating mill from 1863 – 1930.  Later, the Town of Dundas, created the Fisher Mills municipal park.

 

 

 

 

 

 

THE ROCKTON CHINQUAPIN OAK (A)

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This tree shades the Village area of Westfield heritage village.  In 1960, this pioneer village was created to depict 19th century rural life in Upper Canada.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PIN OAKS

 

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CAMBRIDGE PIN OAK (A)

The lands surrounding this pin oak are the historic Cruickston farms.  In 1853, the farms were named in honour of the Cruickston Castle, a ship that brought, landowner  Mr. Ashton to Canada.  After several landowners over the next 100 years, some of these lands are now preserved in an ecoreserve.

 

 

 

 

RED OAK

NIAGARA RED OAK (A)

Width = 6 feet

Age = 300 years old

With this diameter, this oak is one of the many giants along the Niagara Peninsula.  It is thought to be one of the largest of its specie for Ontario.

 

SWAMP WHITE OAK

 

DUNDAS SWAMP WHITE OAK (A)

 

This is one of many ancient oaks gracing Canada’s earliest horse race course.

 

 

 

 

 

WHITE OAKS

 

THE BURLINGTON WHITE OAK (A)

Height = 30 m (100 feet)
Width = 500 cm (16.5 feet)
Age approximately 250 years

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This tree is in the group of ‘oldest oaks in Canada’. In 1760, the Mississauaga tribe was known to have a summer camp here as they fished and hunted along the Bronte Creek. This city owned tree was destined for removal to aid street widening. Luckily, citizen led groups in 2006 raised the necessary funds and the tree was spared. It is now a designated Ontario heritage tree.

 

 

 

 

THE ALDERSHOT WHITE OAK (A)

Height = 30 m (100 feet)
Width = 500 cm (16.5 feet)
Age approximately 300 years

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This tree is also in the group of ‘oldest oaks in Canada’. In 1789, this tree was a surveyors benchmark for a treaty arranging purchase for the British Crown from the Mississauga nation. This block of 3450 acres was known as ‘Brant’s Block’. Today, this city owned tree is a designated Ontario heritage tree.

 

 

 

 

THE GRAND RIVER WHITE OAK (A)

Age approximately 130 years old

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This oak survived the Grand River flooding in 1974.  Afterwards, the City of Cambridge, created a well around the tree and a system of drainage pipes.  The tree stands in a special sculpture garden overlooking the river.

 

 

 

 

 

 

THE HILLBORN WHITE OAK (A)

 

On the Hillborn Knoll of Cambridge overlooking the Portugese Swamp

 

 

 

 

 

NIAGARA OCTOPUS WHITE OAK (A)

Width = 5 feet

Age = 250 years old

This tree has a remarkable form.  Large boughs spread horizontally  above.  It has a record breaking 160 foot crown spread.

 

GRIMSBY WHITE OAK (A)

The last remaining great white oak at the grand old oak stand.

 

 

SWANSEA WHITE OAK (A)

 

The historic village of Swansea is more than 300 years old.  By 1967, Toronto had completed surrounded this village and it was amalgamated by the city.  However, as far back as 1615, Etienne Brule walked through this area on the Carrying Place Trail.  This white oak along this historic trail is estimated at 250 years old.  Luckily, thanks to a proud land owner this tree was spared from being cut down and it still graces his property.

 

 

ST GEORGE WHITE OAK (A)

 

An old white oak at the Pioneer Presbyterian Cemetery or Hunter Hoodless Cemetery.

 

 

 

VINELAND WHITE OAK (A)

Width 16.5 feet

Age is approximately 300 years old

 

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THE TREATY WHITE OAK TREE (A)

Height 213 m

Circumference 518 cm

Age approximately 400 years old

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This 400 year old tree in Niagara is the official boundary marker in the first land deed in Upper Canada signed in 1781 between the Chippawas and the Mississauga and the English Crown. The deed, signed by King George, was for a 4 mile wide strip of land bounded by the Niagara River between Lakes Ontario and Erie. To mark the boundary, the 4 First Nations chiefs chose a large, white oak, forked 5 feet from the ground near Lake Ontario at a distance of 4 miles from the west bank of the Niagara River.

This is a designated Ontario heritage tree.

 

THE ST CUTHBERTS CHURCH WHITE OAK (A)

Height  17.7 m

Circumference  116.5 cm

Age is approximately 200 years old

In 1890, the Lea founding family of Leaside, donated land for the construction of a community church.  The church was built with no steeple but the focal point was a white oak.  Today, the white oak is a major landmark of the area, and church.

This white oak is remnant of the old growth forest that once covered the terrain.  This tree has received Ontario Heritage status.

 

SYCAMORE

 

HAMILTON CEMETERY SYCAMORE (A)

This ancient sycamore is in the old section, 1880,  of a Hamilton cemetery.

 

 

 

 

TULIP

 

GUELPH TULIP

 

This Guelph tulip tree is over 100 years old.